May 22, 2020 By admin

A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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Iser evaluates newer models of the reader that have arisen in more recent years, models that have sought to break free of the traditional restrictive models cited above: As readers, we innteraction a perspective betwden is continually moving and changing according to the way we make sense of the accumulating fictional material.

Rather, it offers ways of making public some of the processes that Iser finds worthwhile in the interactions between readers and texts.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

Indeed, our desire for consistency involves us to some extent in a world of illusion: Wolfgang Iser, The Act of Reading: Robbe-Grillet’s Topologie d’une cite wolgang Vicki Mistacco pp. They will see the two “effects” situationally framed in iwer way which is more visible and concrete than Iser’s interaction.

I Winter, The bases of the connection between reader and text, then, are: In his study intwraction Shakespeare’s histories, in particular Richard IIIser interprets Richard’s continually changing legal policy as expression of the desire for self-assertion.

Together with Hans Robert Jausshe is considered to be the founder of the Constance School of reception aesthetics. The present critical essay of wolfgang iser is an attempt to explain the nature of interaction and relationship between a literary text and a reader.


In this theory of modernity is self-assertion, which responds to the destruction of scholastic rationalism in the nominalist revolution with William of Ockham. WORP has allowed this reader, Courtney Lindseyto record her interaction with the text in a way which is more concrete than that envisioned by Iser.

This search for consistency has a number of implications. The former refers to an actual reader whose response is documented, whereas the hypothetical reader is a projection of all possible realizations of the text AR, And yet, Iser points out, various elements of the classical interaftion have persisted, even within approaches that aim to reject it. According to Iser, this consistency of images or sentences and coherence of meaning is not given by the text itself; rather, we, as readers, project onto the text the consistency that we require.

It bears noting that this kind of literalization ineraction not necessarily work against the grain of Iser’s theory of reading.

Project MUSE – The Reader in the Text

Such a model of interpretation promoted the treatment of a literary work as a document, testifying to characteristics of its era and the disposition of its author. This theory began to evolve inwhile he was working in the University of Konstanzwhich he helped to found in the s.

It is cybernetic in nature as it involves a feedback of effects and information throughout a sequence of changing situational frames; smaller units progressively merge into bigger ones, so that meaning gathers meaning in a kind of snowballing process. In contrast to a modified reading which exists within an individual reader, interaction with WORP has the potential to produce a still recognizable modified text. Moreover, the code of an ideal reader would be identical to that of the author, thereby making reading superfluous AR, 28 — The richness of meaning derives partly from the fact that there are no rigid criteria of right and wrong, but this, according to Iser, does not mean that meaning is purely subjective: Those revelations control and correct the reader’s process of ideation.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Princeton University Press Series: Those differences are as under:.

According to Lainga person can never see himself as he seen by others but he constantly believes and supposes that he is seen and felt in a particular way by other an accordingly he forms his interaction and behavior with others. In the end, for all his efforts to establish an interactive paradigm, Iser’s model still falls victim to the tendency of interpretations to “[disappear] into the private world of [their] individual readers” Act, The reader no more remains a reader but becomes a participant in the interaction.

Originally published in He explains the complex nature of interaction between text and reader by giving the example of interpersonal relation and interaction between two individuals. In many modern conceptions of art Iser sees the classical values of symmetry, balance, order, and totality as occupying a central role.

In other words, everything that has been incorporated into a literary text has been deprived of its reality, and is subjected to new and unfamiliar connections. Iser is known for his reader-response criticism in literary theory.

Wolfgang Iser

The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the eolfgang of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in The basic three factors to govern this interaction are.

The meaning of the text ieer generated by the convergence of these perspectives, a convergence that is not itself set out in words but occurs during the reading process.

This communication should not be viewed as uni-directional. A reader indulging in to the process of ideation as per his understanding logic and thinking.