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HITTITES AND ACHAEANS: AHHIJAWA REDOMITUS. The dream of every Homeric scholar has been to come into the possession of some sort of contemporary. Title, Achaeans and Hittites. Author, George Leonard Huxley. Publisher, Vincent- Baxter Press, Original from, the University of Michigan. Digitized, Nov Hittite graffito: warrior with horsetail crested helmet, found at The ákhos or ‘grief’ that afflicts the enemies of the Achaeans may at times go into.

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Attarsiya was a 15th—14th century BCE military leader of Ahhiya.

Contemporary Hittite accounts about the campaigns of Attarsiya and the Ahhiya in general may indicate that there was a possible Mycenaean empire centered on late Bronze Age Greece. The activities of Attarsiya are recorded in the Hittite archives, in particular in the Indictment of Madduwata.

This makes Attarsiya the first known Achaean leader, [5] but his exact authority inside the Achaean world remains unclear. The Hittite descriptions seem to agree that he was a local Achaean ruler in achaeeans Anatolia, rather than a High king of all the Achaeans.

Moreover, the chronology of the correspondent Hittite texts was initially estimated at the end of the 13th century BCE. However, more recent research, based on a number of archaic characteristics the specific texts feature, place it together with the events described circa two centuries earlier end of 15th-beginning of 14th century BCE.

On the other hand, no relevant information is found in the contemporary Greek Linear B records. The latter, dealing only aachaeans administrative issues of the Mycenaean palaces, are of limited value concerning the political developments of the late Bronze Age era. The Hittite archives of circa BCE, during the reign of Arnuwanda Idescribe the military qchaeans of Attarsiya in southwest Anatolia, [10] probably in the region of Lycia. Attarsiya probably used the city of Miletusin west coast Anatolia, which was already under Achaean influence, as a military base.


The Hittite vassal was unable to provide any opposition and managed. The Indictment of Madduwatta gives a brief description of the battle: Kisnapli went into battle against Attarsiya [chariots and One officer of Attarsiya was killed, and one officer of ours, Zidanza, was killed. The way the conflict is described, by counting only two casualties, may point that there was a duel between the nobles of the two sides.

However, it is also possible that the dead among the common soldiers were not considered important to mention. Later, Attarsiya, still posing a threat to the Hittites, invaded qchaeans island of Alashiya Cyprus achzeans with a number of his Anatolian allies, including his former enemy Madduwatta. The invading force finally succeeded in controlling Alashiya and overthrowing the local Hittite authorities.

The campaigns of Hittltes represent the earliest recorded Mycenaean Greek military activity on the Anatolian mainland, [3] as well as the first conflict hittiites Achaeans and Hittites. In this context, a decorated shard of pottery from the Hittite capital, Hattusa hittjtes, depicts a warrior with body armor and boar’s tusk helmettypical of Achaean warfare, while the Hittite king offers a Mycenaean type thrusting sword to the Storm God, Teshub.

Achaeans and Hittites – George Leonard Huxley – Google Books

Despite the withdrawal of Attarsiya after the Hittite intervention, the following decades circa BCE were a period of Mycenaean expansion on the Anatolian coast. It has been suggested by several scholars that the term Attarsiya might be a possible Hittite reconstruction of the Greek name Atreusa mythical king of Mycenae and father of Agamemnon.

According to an alternative view presented by Hittitologist Albrecht GoetzeAttarsiya might possibly be a possessive adjective, meaning “belonging to Atreus” Atreides anc, which was a typical Homeric term to refer to the sons of Atreus, Agamemnon and Menelausthroughout the Iliad. It has been established in modern scholarship that the Hittite term Ahhiya or Ahhiyawa in latter texts refers to Mycenaean Greek territory and its inhabitants, the Achaeans, one of the names that Homer used to refer to the Hittifes in the Iliad.


The latter expedition indicates that the Achaean leader commanded a significant fleet and that the Achaeans were a sea power. According to the Hittite inscriptions, it appears that the Ahhiya were a powerful empire, at the same scale as contemporary EgyptAssyria and the Hittite Empire.

Based on this view, the Achaeans under Attarsiya may have formed some kind of alliance which included several Mycenaean kingdoms. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


East of the Achaeans: Making up for a missed opportunity while reading Hittite texts

Writings from the Ancient World: Society of Biblical Literature. The Kingdom of the Hittites. D’Amato, Raffaele; Salimbeti, Andrea City, Homer and Turkey.

Journal of the Ancient Near East Society: Sweeney, Emmet John Gods, Heroes and Tyrants: Greek Chronology in Chaos. Wiener, Malcolm April Archived from the original PDF on 9 January Retrieved 8 January Retrieved from ” https: Good articles CS1 German-language sources de. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat Achaeeans using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.